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Risk management

Sections of this guidance


Read paragraphs 95 to 116 of part 3 of the Department for Work and Pensions' (DWP) guidance for more on how to include climate-related risks in your risk management processes.

Example steps to take

Taking the following actions may help you meet your risk management obligations.

Identify the climate-related risks and opportunities and assess their impact

Develop a climate risk and opportunity dashboard to include in your regular reporting cycle.

If you have a funding strategy, include a section in the dashboard on funding and covenant.

To see an example of the layout and what metrics you could include, download our climate risk and opportunity dashboard template (DOC, 129kb, 3 pages).

Make sure your service providers and advisers report on climate-related risks and opportunities

Set objectives that require them to report on climate-related risks and opportunities. Obtain regular updates that identify and assess these risks and opportunities, alongside your investment and risk performance reports. The updates will be most useful for decision-making where they are aligned with your scheme’s short, medium and long-term time horizons.

Obtain specific advice on climate risk exposures and opportunities

Seek specialist advice on the climate-related risks and opportunities for your investment arrangements over different time horizons and review this advice regularly.

Include climate-related risks and opportunities in your scheme documentation

Review your current documentation and include risks and opportunities from climate change. For example:

  • update your investment beliefs
  • include climate risks and opportunities in your risk register
  • develop new policies and frameworks if necessary, such as a dedicated set of climate principles or a climate-risk management framework

Consider how physical and transition risks, including litigation risks, affect your scheme’s investments.

If you are a trustee of a defined benefit (DB) scheme, you should take account of risks arising from climate change when considering scheme funding, the employer covenant and any contingent support and integrate climate-related considerations into your integrated risk management monitoring framework.

Speak with the scheme’s employer

If you are a trustee of a DB scheme, as suggested in the ‘Strategy and scenario analysis section’, identify climate-related risks to your employer over the short, medium and long term.

Ask your employer how they identify and assess emerging risks to the covenant and develop a process for the employer to alert you to emerging climate-related risks. You could consider aligning your approach to climate change with your sponsor’s.

Example: processes to identify and assess climate-related risks

The trustees of the GHI pension scheme want to ensure they have processes in place to:

  • identify and assess climate-related risks
  • integrate climate risks into their overall risk management of the scheme

They have delegated oversight of climate-related matters to the Investment Subcommittee (ISC). This is set out in their terms of reference.

The ISC reviews:

  • the terms of reference of scheme’s investment advisers so they include requirements to advise on climate-related risks and includes climate risk in ongoing scheme monitoring reports
  • proposed amendments to the covenant adviser’s ongoing reporting, so it includes consideration of climate-related risks on the employer’s covenant
  • their current investment manager quarterly reports and amendments to include specific reporting on climate-related risks within their portfolios, in line with the short, medium and long-term horizons for their scheme

The ISC also:

  • asks their investment adviser to produce a report on the climate-related risks they are exposed to through their scheme’s current investment arrangements in line with the scheme’s short, medium and long term horizons
  • agrees to give climate-related skills and experience a higher priority and weighting in any future selection exercises for an investment manager or investment service provider
  • updates their integrated risk management framework and dashboard to reflect climate-related risks to the scheme’s funding, investment and covenant
  • develops a separate climate-related risk and opportunity dashboard to help them actively monitor the scheme’s climate-related risk and opportunities
  • arranges for regular reporting of climate-related issues at trustee meetings, with a more detailed review session every year to review progress against targets
  • arranges for the full trustee board to be given training on climate-related risks and opportunities

What to report

When reporting on the steps you have taken, you must describe:

  • how you identify and assess climate-related risks
  • how you manage those risks
  • how you have integrated these processes into overall risk management for your scheme

You should also describe:

  • the risk management tools you have used and the outcomes of using those tools
  • how you have identified, assessed and managed transitional and physical risks for your scheme
  • the impact of your assessment on your prioritisation of risks
  • whether and how any stewardship activities have helped you manage climate-related risks